Task Description: Analyze recidivism rates for a category of crime that interests you. Research responses of victims who have identified the impact of recidivism by their offender either revictimizing them or preying upon another.
- What are the psychological effects of recidivism?
- What are the social effects of recidivism?
- What are the economic effects of recidivism?
Context: Until the 1970s, the need to individually assess offenders in attempts to understand and reform them was the norm in correctional facilities. However, this method of providing individualized assessment and treatment for each offender was enormously taxing on the criminal justice system.
Over time, populations increased, crime rates rose, and technology gave way to new avenues for crime to enter the lives of normal citizens. The traditional, individualized methods of treatment involved in rehabilitation came under scrutiny as the public raised its voice for the rights of victims to be recognized and for public funds to be refocused on more effective means of crime control. Research by Robert Martinson on the effectiveness of the rehabilitative nature of the system identified that, in total, the efforts of the rehabilitative model were ineffective.
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